Biographies

 

Index

George Carruthers
Richard Carruthers
Fergus Graham
George Graham
James Graham
Isabella Graham
Thomas Graham 1765
Thomas Graham 1792
William Graham

Elizabeth Hetherington
Hannah Hetherington
George Irving 1841
Robert Irving
Thomas Chambers Irving

Walter Irwin
Bridget Johnston
George Johnston 1760
George Johnston 1823
George Johnston 1833
Mary Johnston
Thomas Johnston
Isabella Stockdale

 

George Carruthers
Born: 26/09/1865 at Little Corby, Hayton, Cumberland
Parents: Richard Carruthers and Elizabeth Hetherington
Married: Mary (May) Amelia Irwin in 1896
Children:
        George  1898, died 1898
        George  1901
        Walter  1902
        Kenneth 1905
Died: November 1938 at Eden Harlands, Upper Basildon, Reading, Berkshire. The funeral took place on 18 November 1938.
Education: Attended Heversham Grammar School as a boarder from September 1880 until August 1884. Was awarded a Hastings Exhibition to Queen's College, Oxford in February 1884, matriculating in October that year, from where he graduated with Honours in Mathematics in 1888.
Occupation: Teacher of Mathematics
Locations:
1871 Census: listed as a 'Scholar' living with his parents in Laversdale, Irthington, Cumberland (place of birth shown as Irthington, not Hayton)
1881 Census: listed as a pupil at Heversham Grammar School, Heversham with Milnthorpe, Westmorland
1891 Census: listed as a teacher of mathematics, living together with his brother Richard Wharton Carruthers, with his aunt Hannah Hetherington and her daughter Amy, at 185 Denton Street, Carlisle (Caldewgate parish).
1901 Census: living with his wife May, son George, and lodger, medical student Kenneth W.D.Macrae, at 310 Manchester Road, Warrington, Cheshire

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Richard Carruthers
Born: baptised at Irthington 08/12/1838
Parents: George and Ann Carruthers
Siblings:
Thomas, baptised 06/06/1837
John, baptised 03/07/1841
George, baptised 10/03/1843
Ann, baptised 19/07/1846
Jane, baptised 22/07/1849, died 30/09/1851
Joseph, baptised 25/12/1853, died 1855
Married: Elizabeth Hetherington, date unknown
Children:
    George 26/09/1865
    Joseph 16/05/1869
    John Hetherington 1871
    Richard Wharton 03/04/1874, married Mary Elizabeth Birkett 3Q1893 in Carlisle
    Thomas William 1875
    Robert 1877
    James S. 1880
Death: 26/09/1917 in the Cumberland Infirmary at Carlisle
Occupation: Blacksmith, and from 1881 appears as blacksmith and grocer.
Locations:
1851 Census: listed as 'Scholar' living with his parents and siblings in Laversdale, Irthington, Cumberland.
1861 Census: Blacksmith, living with his parents in Laversdale
1871 Census: living with his wife Elizabeth and family in Laversdale
1881 Census: living with his wife and family in Laversdale
1888: his son George appears in an extract from the Oxford University records as 1s.Richard, gent.
1901 Census: Grocer, living with his son Thomas William in Laversdale
References: Richard Carruthers, blacksmith and grocer, of Laversdale, was listed in the Cumberland Directory of 1901.

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Fergus Graham
Born: baptised at Wetheral on 17/12/1719
Parents: John Graham and Isabel Dobinson
Married: Esther Wells of Kirkoswald at Wetheral on 15/10/1748
Children:

Jane, baptised 06/09/1749
John, baptised 01/07/1751
Margaret, baptised April 1753
Elizabeth, baptised 1755
Esther, baptised 07/02/1757
Fergus, baptised 22/01/1759
Thomas, baptised 04/04/1763
Mary, baptised 18/09/1769

Died: date of death not known
References: In one of James Graham's letters he asks to be remembered to the Dobinsons because of their particular interest in his welfare. If Isabel Dobinson was his great-grandmother there would have been a family connection.
Other information: Fergus's father John had at least 11 children, and 3 of his sons had children who were named John, Thomas and Mary. Only Thomas however had all three, and this gives rise to the hypothesis that it was through Mary's marriage to George Johnston that the 'Graham Letters' came into the Irwin family's possession.

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Thomas Graham
Born: probably circa 1763
Parents: possibly Fergus Graham and Esther Wells
Married: Isabella Stockdale of the Parish of Wetheral on 05/02/1789. Married by banns in the parish of Wetheral, and witnessed by David Latimer and Richard Latimer (brother-in-law).
Children:

John, baptised 04/10/1789 (probably died in infancy)
Mary, baptised 15/05/1791 (probably died in infancy)

Possibly the father of:

James
Thomas
William
George
? Mary (referred to as ‘little Mary’ or ‘May’ in James’s letters)

Died: date of death not known, but by 1824 their son James wrote only to his mother.
Occupation: Created a deacon, and ordained on Sunday, 09/08/1789 by the Right Rev.John Lord Bishop of Carlisle in the chapel at Rose Castle, and licenced as Assistant Curate of Cumwhitton with a stipend of 20.00 per annum. However unlike his contemporaries he was not priested the following year. No further reference was made to him in the Bishop's Register and on 21/02/1796  the Revd.E.Wills was created deacon, priested and appointed to the parish of Cumwhitton. A note exists in the family papers that Thomas Graham served under the Revd.E.Wills.
Other Information: licenced at the same time as George Langhorn, who was entitled to serve the cure of Cliburn with a stipend of 20.00
Reference: family papers: parish records, and extracts from the Bishop’s Register.

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Isabella Graham (also known as Bella, nee Stockdale)
Born: baptised at Wetheral 12/01/1764. However records also show a Bella Stockdale, father Thomas, mother Mary, baptised at Castle Carrock on 11/01/1764.
Parents: Thomas Stockdale
Siblings:
    Margaret, baptised at Wetheral 16/07/1754
    Mary, baptised at Wetheral 06/04/1756
    Elizabeth, baptised at Wetheral 06/04/1756
    John, baptised at Wetheral 11/04/1758, died 03/12/1758
    Susannah, baptised at Wetheral 18/12/1759
    Hannah, baptised at Wetheral 27/12/1764
Married: see Thomas Graham
Children: see Thomas Graham
Died: date of death not known, but mentioned in a letter from her son Thomas to her son George in 1832.
Occupation: Letters from her son James during the period 1824-1828 are addressed to Isabella Graham, grocer, at Scotby.

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Thomas Graham
Born: after 1791
Parents: Thomas Graham, Isabella Stockdale or William Graham, Isabella Donald
Married: His first marriage was to Elizabeth Hoggarth on 24/05/1817 at Kirkoswald. Elizabeth died in 1823, and his second marriage on 14/07/1824 was to Elizabeth (known as Betty) Fisher, also in Kirkoswald.

Children:
    William (1818)
    Peter (1820)
    Elizabeth (1822)
Died: 1863 at Choisy, Canada
Location:
His address prior to emigrating to Canada was Townend, Kirkoswald, Cumberland.
He and his family emigrated to Canada before the summer 1832. Purchased a 60-acre farm at Court (Cote) St.Charles, near Montreal during the summer of 1832. Address as at October 1832 was c/o Mr.Lowthian, Cedars, nr. Montreal, Lower Canada.
Occupation: farmer
References:
R
eference in James Graham’s letter of 21/11/1824 to his marriage ealier that year.
Single letter to his brother George, dated 07/10/1832.
Listed as arriving in 1837 in "Cumberland Settlers in Cavagnol and Cote St.Charles, Vaudreuil County, Lower Canada (now Quebec Province)" by the Rev.Canon E.C.Royle, published in the May 1979 edition of the Cumbrian Family History Society Newsletter.
Listed as arriving in 1834 in "Hudson:the Early Years, up to 1867" by John Thompson pub.Hudson Historical Society 2004
Other Information: Esther Wells, who was possibly Thomas's grandmother, was born in Kirkoswald, so Thomas could well have been working for or living with his uncle John, her eldest son. The Canadian branch of the Graham family believe that they are descended from John Graham and Jemima Scott who were living in Kirkoswald at the end of the 18th century, but research indicates that these individuals are more likely to have been Thomas's cousins.

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George Graham
Born: between 1788 and 1798, but baptised in November 1789 if the son of William and Isabella Graham
Parents:
Thomas Graham, Isabella Stockdale or William Graham, Isabella Donald
Married: His 'partner' Mary Johnston was mentioned in Thomas’s letter, but they never married, as she appears in the 1841 and 1851 censuses at the same address, and was buried in 1861 under her maiden name.
Died: died of Erisypelas on 17 June 1859. His death was registered by Bridget Johnston.
Location: living with William Harding, Little Corby in 1832. He appears in the 1841 census with William Harding as a lodger.
Occupation: He is described as a farmer in the 1841 and 1851 censuses. There is a reference in his brother Thomas’s letter to him that he might ‘live as a gentleman farmer’ if he also emigrated to Canada.
Other Information: It is virtually certain that Mary Johnston was the route through which the 'Graham Letters' arrived in the family's possession, as not only is there mention in the letters of Isabella living with George, but she was also Bridget Johnston's aunt, and so would have had access to the letter to her father George advising of her brothers' deaths in Jamaica in 1824.
Reference: Single letter from his brother Thomas, dated 07/10/1832

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William Graham
Born: If the son of William and Isabella Graham he was born at Houghton, Stanwix in June 1785
Parents: Thomas Graham, Isabella Stockdale or William Graham, Isabella Donald
Married: by 1824, as James refers to ‘brother William and his family’. His wife was called Mary, and there is reason to believe that her maiden name was Ridley, as there is reference to 'Mary's brother William Ridley' in one of James's letters.
Died: date of death not known, but after 1832
Occupation: possibly brewer, as there is a reference in his brother Thomas’s letter of 1832 to good prospects for him as ‘malting is good here’.

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James Graham
Born: If the son of William and Isabella Graham he was baptised in June 1802
Parents: Thomas Graham, Isabella Stockdale or William Graham, Isabella Donald
Education: tutored by Mr.Pitt, mentioned in his letters
Died: date of death not known, but after 1828
Occupation: overseer on a sugar plantation at St.Croix in the West Indies (now part of the US Virgin Islands), to which he emigrated in 1824.
Location: La Grand Princess (July 1824), Jerusalem (November 1824), St.Croix (June 1825), New York ( for 6 months during 1827/1828), St.Croix (July 1828)
Other Information: legend has it that one of the family moved to Manhattan, and James is a strong candidate as his last letter extolled the opportunities to be had in New York. However a James Graham married Margaret Irving in 1836, although it is not known whether the two are the same individual.
Margaret Irving was the older sister of George Irving (1817-1878), and the NZ branch of the family is of the opinion that this was the route by which the Graham letters entered the family.

Click for more information on the 'Graham Letters'

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Elizabeth Hetherington
Born: baptised 09/06/1839 at Little Corby. Her name appears as Isabella in the 1851 Census.
Parents: George Hetherington and Sarah Telfair, who married in Carlisle in 1837. George's occupation shown as Innkeeper & Labourer in 1851 census. Sarah Telfair's birth was registered at the Scotch Church, Bewcastle, although the 1851 census gives her parish of birth as Nicol Forest. Subsequent censuses list her birthplace variously as Bewcastle and Kirkandrews-on-Esk.
Siblings:
Mary, baptised Little Corby 27/06/1841
Margaret, baptised Little Corby 24/09/1843
John, baptised Little Corby 19/04/1846
Hannah, baptised Little Corby 08/10/1848
William, baptised Little Corby 03/11/1850
Sarah, baptised Little Corby 02/01/1853
George, baptised Little Corby 19/08/1855
Thomas, baptised Little Corby 09/08/1857
Joseph, baptised Little Corby 23/09/1860
Married: Richard Carruthers, date unknown
Children: see Richard Carruthers
Died: 21/09/1882 of Bright's Disease
Occupation: given as servant in 1861 census
Location:
1851 Census: a 'Scholar' living with her parents and siblings in Little Corby
1861 Census: servant in the household of the Rev.George Hodgson, vicar of Barton, Westmorland
1865: eldest son George born and registered in Little Corby
1871 Census & 1881 Census: living with husband Richard and family in Laversdale, Irthington

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Hannah Hetherington
Born: baptised 08/10/1848 at Little Corby
Parents: George Hetherington and Sarah Telfair
Siblings: see Elizabeth Hetherington
Occupation: given as servant in both the 1861 and 1871 censuses
Location:
1851: living with her parents and siblings in Little Corby
1861: a servant in the household of Ann Hamilton, and her daughter and son-in-law, Mary and George Forster, at Wetheral
1871: a servant in the Forster household in Wetheral
1891: living on own means at 185 Denton St., Carlisle, with her nephews George and Richard Carruthers, and daughter Amy, born in Manchester in 1879.
1901: living with daughter Amy, son-in-law Joseph Graham and grand-daughter Florence born in late 1900, at 17 Moorville, Kingmoor.


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George Irving
Born: circa 1841 at Little Corby
Parents: George Irving/Irwin and Elizabeth Faulder.
Married: 2Q1866 in Manchester, Alice Birchby, who was born in 1839 in Bombay, India and died during 1Q1903 in Manchester.
Children: none
Died: after 1901
Occupation: George does not appear in the 1861 census, and his marriage to Alice would indicate that he may have served overseas in the armed forces. The 1871 census shows his profession as a Prison Storekeeper, and subsequent censuses show his profession as Publican.
Location:
1851 Census: Little Corby, living with his grandfather
1871 Census: 114 Mary Street, Cheetham, Manchester
1881 Census: "Rose & Crown", 49 Broad Street, Pendleton in Salford, Lancashire
1891 Census: "Wellington Inn", 8 Sophia Street, Manchester
1901 Census: described as a Beer & Wine retailer, "Wellington Inn", 3 Sophia Street, Collyhurst, Manchester

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Robert Irving
Born: baptised on 25/12/1838  in the parish of Kirklinton
Parents: Father unknown, mother Dinah Irving (born 1806).
Married: Margaret Barnfather, who was born in 08/12/1822 at Garthside in the parish of Lanercost, and died 23/01/1901in Carlisle
Children: none
Died: 22/08/1904 in Carlisle
Occupation:  Schoolmaster, "teacher of mathematics".
Locations:
1851 Census: Black Hill, Middle Quarter Township, Kirklinton - shown as grandson of Robert Irving (born 1772) and his grandmother Mary (born 1776), with his cousin  George (born 1847) at Black Hill, his grandfather's home.
1861 Census: Teacher of mathematics, living at Black Hill, Middle Quarter Township, Kirklinton - shown as the nephew of Charles Irving (born 1819)
1871 Census: Schoolmaster, living at 6 Woodrouffe Terrace, Carlisle with his wife Margaret
1881 Census: Schoolmaster, living at the same address with his wife Margaret and his sister-in-law Elizabeth Barnfather
Witnessed an indenture between Bridget Irwin and William Foster dated 29/11/1887.
1891 Census: Retired schoolmaster, living at the same address
Executor of the will of his sister-in-law Elizabeth Barnfather, who was living with him and his wife at the time of her death on 26/12/1894.
1901 Census: Retired schoolmaster and also a director of the (Wholesale?) Co-operative Society, living on own means and employing a housekeeper and housemaid.
Other information: he died a relatively wealthy man in 1904, and was able to provide several legacies to various relations, including Mrs.May Carruthers (Mary Amelia Irwin). He and Mary Amelia had the same great-grandfather Walter Irwin, making them second cousins.
Elizabeth (also spelled Elisabeth in the Civil Register) Barnfather was born 07/10/1813 at Garthside in the parish of Lanercost, and died at the age of 81.

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Walter Irwin
Born: baptised 28/05/1732 at Kirklinton
Parents: Walter Irwin
Married: Mary, surname unknown but possibly Baty. It is not known whether the Mary who appears in the baptism register as the mother of Solomon is the same Mary who appears as the mother of Walter's other children.
Children:

Solomon, baptised 28/11/1750 at Kirklinton
Elizabeth, baptised 13/03/1760 at Kirklinton
Mary, baptised 08/10/1762 (also appears as 1763) at Kirklinton
Dinah, baptised 11/11/1764 at Kirklinton
Jane, baptised 12/06/1768 at Kirklinton
George, baptised 03/09/1770 at Kirklinton
Robert, baptised 20/07/1772 at Kirklinton
Walter, baptised 21/02/1775 at Kirklinton

Died: 1813
Locations: Owned land at Hallfoot, Blackhill and Little Corby
Other information: Was named as the main beneficiary of the will of James Read in 1790, through which he inherited land in the parishes of Hayton, Wetheral and Irthington. It is this land which he left to his eldest son George, while Robert inherited Black Hill and Walter Hallfoot.

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Thomas Chambers Irving
Born: circa 1848. Name appears as Irwin in 1871 census.
Parents: George Irwin/Irving and Elizabeth Faulder (Chambers was his maternal grandmother's maiden name)
Died: after 1877, as mentioned in his father’s will of 1877.
Occupation: described as a Draper’s Assistant in the 1871 census
Locations:
1851 Census: living in Little Corby with his parents and grandfather
1871 Census: living in [Hirtle?] Street, Richmond, Yorkshire (civil parish St.Mary)

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Mary Johnston
Born: either 1799 [1851 Census] or 02/04/1802 [family papers].
Parents:
Married: David Johnston, dyer, of Little Corby.
Children:

Bridget born 23/01/1826
Elizabeth born 28/03/1831
George born 02/03/1833
John born 02/08/1835
Mary Ann born 16/07/1841
David born 01/03/1844

Died: 03/04/1854 of consumption
Other Information: There is no record of the marriage between Mary and David Johnston, and in the 1851 census Mary's birthplace appears as 'unknown'. However Bridget and George Irwin's eldest son, who died at the age of one, was baptised Johnstone Campbell Irwin, which implies that Mary's maiden name was Campbell.
References:
1.Cumbria Family History Society, Transcript & Index of the 1851 Census for Cumrew, Castle Carrock, Hayton & Little Corby (HO 107/2427 Folios 5 –101)
2.Family papers: transcripts of parish records for the Irwin and Johnston families. The parish records (possibly tombstone inscriptions) show only those children who had died in the parish.
The 1871 Census shows a Mary Ann Johnston as the sister-in-law of George Irwin, but aged 24, which would imply a year of birth of 1847 not 1841.

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George Johnston
Born: probably circa 1760
Married: Mary Graham at Nichol Forest on 27/04/1783
Children:

Thomas  baptised at Irthington 21/10/1787, died 31/12/1823 in Jamaica
Elizabeth baptised at Irthington 28/02/1790
George  baptised at Irthington 16/10/1791, died early in December 1823 in Jamaica
John, born in 1792 and baptised at Irthington 24/08/1794
Mary baptised 10/02/1795 at Kirklinton, died 4Q1867 at Hayton
Margaret baptised 09/12/1799 at Lanercost
David born 10/01/1804 at Abbey Lanercost, although other sources suggest he was baptised at Lanercost on 23/10/1802
Jared baptised 27/11/1807 at Lanercost

Died: after 1824
Location: living at Beghead in the parish of Netherby at the time the letter announcing the death of Thomas and George was written
Other Information: It is possible that both the Graham and the Johnston letters would have passed into the Irwin family through the same source - his wife Mary, who could have been Isabella Graham's sister-in-law, and James Graham's aunt. James's letters make reference to Mary and Peggy Johnston.
The transcript of the original letter gives the address as Begghead, Long Corvey, but the document catalogue gives the place as Rigghead. George's eldest surviving son John is shown in the 1851 census as farming 565 acres at Pedder Hill in Netherby, with Beghead shown as an adjoining property.

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Bridget Johnston
Born: 23/01/1826, in the civil parish of Hayton, baptised on the Carlisle Wesleyan Circuit on 12/02/1827, and re-baptised (Anglican) on 28/05/1837 at Hayton
Parents: David Johnston and Mary Ann ?
Married: George Irwin/Irving, in 1860 or early 1861, widowed 25/01/1878
Children:
    Edith born 14/02/1862 died 22/09/1871
    Johnstone Campbell born 1864, died 1865
    Mary Amelia born 1866
    William George born 1869, died 1897 
Died: 15/12/1893, at Carlisle
Occupation: Dressmaker [1851 Census]
Locations:
1851 Census, living with her parents next door to George Irwin in Little Corby
1861 Census, married to George Irwin, and living with him, his brothers, and his children by his first wife
1871 Census, married to George Irwin, and living with him, his brothers, their children and her sister Mary Ann [Marianne]
1877 Succession Duty document gives address as 40 Claypath, Durham and 14 Blenheim Road, Deal, Kent
1881 Census, annuitant, living at 14 Blenheim Road, Deal, Kent with her son George and daughter Mary
1885 Will, dated 26/06/1885, of her brother George gives her living with him and her son William George at 29 Silver Street, Durham
1887 Indenture gives address as Woodstock Villa, Warwick Road, Carlisle.
1891 Census, living on own means, at Woodstock Villa, Warwick Road, Carlisle, with her son William George and daughter Mary, and with her niece Alice M.Johnston, daughter of her brother George.
Other information: "Little Corby is a small village and township, six miles E. by N. of Carlisle. It contains about 329 acres of rateable land, and is assessed at 731 16s. 8d. The manor is held by P. H. C. Howard, Esq., of Corby Castle, besides whom the following are also landowners in the township; R. J. Graham, Esq., Mrs. Bridget Irwin, and Mr. Charles Wannop, Langley Hall, Corby Hill." Description from T. Bulmer & Co's History, Topography and Directory of East Cumberland, 1884

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George Johnston
Born: 02/03/1833 in the civil parish of Hayton [1837 in 1871 Census], baptised on the Carlisle Wesleyan Circuit on 17/04/1831, and re-baptised (Anglican) on 28/05/1837
Parents: David Johnston and Mary Ann ?
Married: Ann, surname unknown, before 1866
Children:
    David C. born circa 1866
    Annie I. born circa 1868
    Edith M. born circa 1870
    Emily F. born circa 1872
    George Frederick born circa 1878
    Bertha born circa 1881
Died: 22/10/1885, will witnessed by William George Irwin of 29 Silver Street, Durham and John H.Howe of 35 Sherburn Road, Durham.
Occupation: Draper
Locations:
1851 Census, living with his parents in Little Corby
1881 Census, living in Durham with his wife and family
1885 Will, dated 26/06/1885, gives address as 29 Silver Street, Durham, where he was living with his sister Bridget and her son William George.
Other Information: his will left everything to his sister Bridget Irwin, valued for probate at 264.15.0d. It is thought that he may have been a freemason, as his son George Frederick was educated at the District Royal Masonic Institution for Boys, Tottenham, Middlesex, an establishment for the education of the children of deceased or distressed freemasons.
George Frederick Johnston appears in the 1891 Census as a scholar at the District Royal Masonic Institution for Boys, and is also mentioned as the recipient with his sister Bertha of 5 shillings per week in an indenture of 17/12/1895 between William George Irwin and Mary Amelia Irwin.

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