James Read's Last Will & Testament

6 June 1790

In the name of God Amen, I James Read of Little Corby in the Parish of Hayton in the County of Cumberland, Gentleman, being weak in body but of sound and perfect disposing mind memory and understanding (praised be God for the same) make and publish this for and as my last Will and Testament in manner and form following (that is to say) First I give devise and bequeath unto my dear wife Elizabeth All that my Dwellinghouses Garth Garden and one Byre or Cowhouse with the Appurtenances which she now occupy and reside on at Little Corby aforesaid together with all the Furniture and other goods Chattels and Effects which shall be in or within my said Dwellinghouses at the time of my decease To hold to her my said wife and her Assigns and during the full term of her natural life, and from and after her decease then I give bequeath and devise the same unto and to the use of my Cousin Walter Irwin of Hallfoot in the parish of Kirklinton in the county of Cumberland aforesaid his heirs Executors Administrators and Assigns for ever save and except such Articles of household furniture which were originally belonging to and brought by my said wife all of which furniture I hereby absolutely give bequeath and confirm to her for her own sole and absolute use I also give and bequeath unto my said dear wife the best milch cow which I shall die possessed of to be immediately selected and taken by her after my decease And I also give and bequeath to her my said wife all and every the money Bank Notes or other Cash which shall be in my possession or which I shall be possessed of at my decease she paying thereout the expenses of my funeral and I do hereby declare and order that what I have so herein before given devised and bequeathed to my said dear wife shall be exclusive and independent of the Dower or [Thirder] which by Law she will be entitled to out of all and every my real Estates hereinafter devised Also I give devise and bequeath unto Elizabeth the wife of Isaac Gibson of Little Corby aforesaid one clear Annuity or yearly sum of Eight pounds to be charged and chargeable and [......] and payable upon and out of all and every my real Estates hereinafter devised to Walter Irving which said Annuity of Eight pounds I do hereby order and direct shall be paid to her the said Elizabeth Gibson or her Assigns at two equal half yearly payments yearly and every year during her natural life by the said Walter Irwing his heirs and Assigns the first half yearly payment thereof to begin and be made [....] and of six months hereafter my decease Also I give and bequeath to Mr.Jonathon Holmes of the City of Carlisle the sum of five pounds to be paid to him by my Executor hereinafter named immediately after my decease in that he may buy a Mourning Suit therewith Also I give and bequeath unto my Cousin William Graham of Riggfoot and James Graham and Jeremiah Graham both of Slackheads in the said County of Cumberland the sum of five shillings each to be paid them by my Executors hereinafter named at the end of twelve months next after my decease Also I give and devise unto my said Cousin Walter Irwin his heirs and Assigns All that my freehold Messuage and Tenements parcels of ground and premises with the appurtenances situated lying and being at Newby in the parish of Irthington in the said County of Cumberland upon trust that he the said Walter Irwin or his heirs do and shall as soon as conveniently may be or at furthest within twelve months next of my decease and dispose of the same by Public Auction or otherwise and by and with the Monies arising from the Sale thereof and also by and with the Monies arising from my personal Estate hereinafter bequeathed to him do and shall pay off and discharge all and every my just debts and the several Legacies hereinbefore by me given and bequeathed But in case the same shall not be fully sufficient to pay off and discharge all and every my just debts and Legacies Then I do hereby expressly charge and make chargeable all and every my freehold Messuages Lands and Tenements situated in the parish of Hayton in the County of Cumberland aforesaid and hereinafter given and devised unto the said Walter Irwing with the payment of my said debts and legacies Also I give and devise unto the said Walter Irwing all and every my freehold Messuages Lands and Tenements parcels of ground Hereditaments and premises with the Appurtenances situate lying and being at Little Corby aforesaid or elsewhere within the said parish of Hayton (except my Dwellinghouse garden and premises hereinbefore devised) and bequeath unto my said wife during her life to Hold to him the said Walter Irwin his heirs and Assigns for ever Subject nevertheless and charged and chargeable with the payment of the aforesaid Annuity to the said Elizabeth Gibson and also with the payment of such of my just debts and Legacies as may not be discharged out of the Monies arising from the Sale of my said Messuages and Tenements at Newby and from my said personal Estate And lastly I do hereby give and bequeath unto the said Walter Irwin all and every my personal Estate and Effects Stock Crop and other goods and Chattles whatsoever and wheresoever not hereinbefore particularly bequeathed And do hereby name constitute and appoint him the said Walter Irwin sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament he paying and discharging all and every my just debts and the Annuity and Legacies hereinbefore given and bequeathed by me And revoking all former and other Wills by at any time heretofore made I declare this only to be my Last Will and Testament in witness whereof I the said James Read have hereunto set my hand and seal this sixth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand and seven hundred and ninety

James Read

Signed Sealed published and declared by the said Testator and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence and at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses

William Bowman
Philip Milburn

Proved 10 July 1790

 

Notes

1.Elisabeth Irwing married Isaac Gibson at Kirklinton 12/11/1786. It is probable that this Elisabeth was Walter Irwin’s daughter born 13/06/1760.

2.This William Graham is the son of George Graham who married Mary Reed in 1723, and who died at the age of 82 in 1808. His obituary appeared in the Carlisle Journal February 13th 1808:

"On Friday last Mr William Graham of Riggfoot in the parish of Kirklinton, aged 82 years.
Carlisle Journal February 20th 1808
Mr William Graham of Riggfoot, parish of Kirklinton, whose death we announced in last weeks obituary, was a person of so penurious a disposition that with real and personal property to the amount of at least 300L a year, his whole annual expenditure (So far as relates to food and raiment) seldom exceeded twelve guineas. After a requiem was sung to the manes of the miser, the house was searched for concealed treasure and no less than five purses, containing gold and silver to the value of 374L 4s 2d were discovered under his bed amidst a heterogeneous mixture of straw, hoary moss and old rags. The deceased, however, though parsimonious, possessed a charitable disposition, and was in good esteem among the Border yeomanry."